Startup Manifesto beta

Policy Tracker

Track progress in Belgium

Summary

Belgium is home to a vibrant, active and fast growing startup scene. Startup Weekends, Hackathlons, Café Numériques, Meetups, Open Coffees and other events are very common in every part of the country. Every large town has its own acceleration programme; and co-working spaces are mushrooming. In early 2015, a group of successful Belgian entrepreneurs launched the Belgian Startup Manifesto. And a few months later, Alexander de Croo, deputy prime minister and minister of development co-operation, digital agenda, telecom and postal services, announced a bold plan to give entrepreneurs extra benefits to grow their new venture. The policies will focus on making crowdfunding easier and keeping lower labour costs for startups. This commitment to innovation is an opening move and is expected to impact upon the local entrepreneurial scene. A Startup Plan to Stimulate Growth for Newly-Formed Companies is a concrete first step to encourage young and beginning entrepreneurs to set up new businesses in innovative sectors. The plan provides more accessible financing, such as a tax shelter for startups, tax incentives for crowdfunding, and lower labour costs for newly formed companies. SMEs and microenterprises investing in digital will also receive incentives.


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Institutional Framework

“General regulatory environment for startups”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
0.1 Is there a national strategy in support of startups in place? e.g: http://italiastartupvisa.mise.gov.it/ Yes http://digitalbelgium.be/
0.2 Has the country created a national startup manifesto? Yes http://www.startupmanifesto.be/
0.3 Has your country introduced legislation defining startups and providing special status to them (startup status related legislation) eg.: http://www.mise.gov.it/images/stories/documenti/Executive-Summary-of-Italy%27s-new-policy-on-start-ups.pdf. Yes yes, certain tax exemptions have been approved - http://digitalbelgium.be/
0.4 Does the country effectively appliy SME Test (http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sme/files/docs/sba/iag_2009_annex_en.pdf) to systematically assess the impact of legislation on SMEs? Yes Since the beginning of 2014, a regulatory impact assessment (RIA), including the 'SME test', is mandatory for all federal draft regulation for which the involvement of the Council of Ministers is required by statutory provision. The law on administrative simplification includes the obligation to carry out an impact analysis before the draft law is adopted or royal decrees and ministerial drafts are submitted to the Council of Ministers. The impact assessment is optional for royal or ministerial draft orders, circulars and decisions where its preparation is not required. http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/business-friendly-environment/performance-review/files/countries-sheets/2015/belgium_en.pdf
0.5 Is the time taken to start a business equal or below EU target of 3 days? Yes 1.5 days http://europa.eu/youreurope/business/start-grow/start-ups/index_en.htm
0.6 Has an E-commerce Directive been fully implemented by the country? Yes Loi sur certains aspects juridiques des services de la société de l'information visés à l'article 77 de la Constitution - 11 mars 2003/Wet betreffende bepaalde juridische aspecten van de diensten van de informatiemaatschappij als bedoeld in artikel 77 van de Grondwet - 11 maart 2003 Loi sur certains aspects juridiques des services de la société de l'information - 11 mars 2003/Wet betreffende bepaalde juridische aspecten van de diensten van de informatiemaatschappij - 11 maart 2003 Moniteur belge du 17.3.2003 p. 12960 et 12963. http://www.moniteur.be/index_fr.htm http:/ /www.moniteur.be/index_nl.htm
0.7 Have measures in support of the principles of a digital single market been undertaken on a national level? Yes http://ec.europa.eu/priorities/digital-single-market/docs/factsheets/belgium_en.pdf
0.8 Have provisions enabling new legally challenging business models of sharing economy (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharing_economy) such as blablacar, Airbnb, Uber? No

Education & Skills

“Make teachers digitally confident and competent to rise to the challenge.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.1.1 Does a strategy document exist alone or as a part of a bigger strategic package? Yes the digital belgium plan (2015) includes chapter on digital skills: http://www.digitalbelgium.be/en#digital-agenda
1.1.2 Has ICT been implemented as a part of the core curriculum? No http://www.euractiv.com/sections/eu-code-week-2015/infographic-coding-school-how-do-eu-countries-compare-318506
1.1.3 Are there effective government initiatives in place to encourage the involvement of startups and developers in providing ICT training for teachers and students? No
1.1.4 Are the training initiatives (for teachers) using e-learning tools present in the national programmes and action plans? No
“Teach our children the principles, processes and the passion for entrepreneurship from young age.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.2.1 Has a national system for vocational traineeships in entrepreneurship for 12 - 18 y.o. been established? Yes The current situation is relatively similar in Flanders and in Wallonia, with quite a large range of activities available. Both public and private actors offer various entrepreneurship activities or projects to complement the traditional education and training system. Entrepreneurship is not integrated into the curriculum, so student participation is only compulsory in some fields of study. For the majority of students, participation is optional. In practice, it is often the teacher or school director who decides whether students participate or not. Most activities or projects are open to all types of schools. Only a few focus on vocational schools. http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sme/files/smes/vocational/entr_voca_en.pdf http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/publications-and-resources/country-reports/belgium-vet-europe-country-report-2013
1.2.2 Have courses / activities aimed at enhancing entrepreneurship skills been introduced as a part of the core curriculum in a primary and a secondary education system (e.g. willingness to take risks, ability and willingness to take initiative)? No
“Encourage university students to start a business before they graduate.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.3.1 Are there national/ regional programmes that encourage (e.g. with providing co-funding) the creation of startup Incubators / Accelerators? Yes Subsidies for incubators http://www.agentschapondernemen.be/themas/subsidies-voor-incubatoren
1.3.2 Has the country introduced any funding programmes for students who want to translate their business idea into a reality? Yes https://www.iminds.be/en/start-and-grow-your-business/istart-light-program
1.3.3 Has the country taken additional measures to promote more actively Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs programme? Yes http://startups.be/
1.3.4 Has the country developed incentives for academics to engage in entrepreneurial activity and stimulate the creation of university spin-offs? Yes http://www.iminds.be/istart
1.3.5 Have support measures to mentor and coach women entrepreneurs at undergraduate level been implemented? No
“Prepare graduates for a radically different marketplace (digital skills + vocational training).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.4.1 Has your country joined the Grand Coalition for Digital Jobs with a national/local coalition to promote digital employment? Yes The newly-formed Belgian Alliance for Digital Skills and Jobs is led by Saskia Van Uffelen, the Belgian Digital Champion. As part of Belgium's new Digital Belgium action plan. The Alliance brings together stakeholders from various governments and the private sector and aims to equip all citizens with digital skills. https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/digital-skills-new-national-coalitions-digital-jobs-be-launched-belgium-cyprus-netherlands-and
1.4.2 Has some form of "digital course certificate" confirming ICT skills been introduced as part of a curriculum in the higher education system? No
1.4.3 Has the Action 68 of the Digital Agenda to mainstream eLearning in national policies been implemented in your country? No http://daeimplementation.eu/indicator.php?id_country=2&action_n=68
“Encourage large companies to provide training for the general public (for management, leadership and communication skills).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
1.5.1 Have the measures to promote / scale up business - universities partnerships within the Knowledge Alliance on a national level been undertaken? No
1.5.2 Have measure been introduced (such as co-financing by the country) to support provision of specific training (management, sales etc.) by corporates for people already working for SMEs / startups or unemployed? No
1.5.3 Have the national programmes to promote business-universities partnerships been implemented to provide work placement as part of the curriculum? No

Access to Talent

“Turn Europe into the easiest place for highly skilled talent to start a company and get a job by rolling out a pan-European startup Visa.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
2.1.1 Has a national startup visa programme to streamline process of setting up a business by non-EU, skilled talent been introduced in your country? No There are no significant new developments to mention – except for the important transfer of competences towards the Regions (and the German-speaking Community). The regionalisation entered into force on 1 of July 2014 and the actual transfer of the policy concerning migrant entrepreneurs and professional cards is foreseen for 1 January 2015. http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/networks/european_migration_network/reports/docs/annual-policy/annual-policy-02a_belgium_apr_2014_part2_english_final.pdf
2.1.2 Has a national policy in support of attracting foreign startups been introduced? No
2.1.3 Has the EU Blue Card Directive (Directive 2009/50/EC) aimed at facilitating the admission and mobility of highly qualified migrants and their family members by harmonising entry and residence conditions throughout the EU been fully implemented by the country? Yes http://www.emploi.belgique.be/defaultTab.aspx?id=37215
2.1.4 Has the country signed bilateral and/or multilateral agreements with non-EU countries facilitating easier / free movement of workers? Yes http://www.expatica.com/be/visas-and-permits/work-permits/Work-in-Belgium-Guide-to-Belgian-work-permits_422637.html Working holidays for Australians, New Zealanders and Canadians. Nationals from these countries, aged 18 to 30, can come to Belgium for a year’s holiday and can take on paid work without a work permit during this time.
“Make it easy for companies to hire outside their home countries in the EU.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
2.2.1 Has a national policy measure in support of making a remote hiring of employees directly across EU possible and less burdensome been introduced (e.g. elimination of residence requirement)? No
“Make it easier for smaller companies to let employees go (special flexibility in human resources management for small companies).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
2.3.1 Has the country enabled the flexible and reliable contractual arrangements in line with EU common flexicurity principles? Yes The country shows performance above the EU average with respect to flexible and reliable contractual arrangements http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10227&langId=en
2.3.2 Has the country adopted the comprehensive life-long learning strategies in support of EU common flexicurity principles? Yes The country shows performance above the EU average with respect to life-long learning strategies http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10227&langId=en
2.3.3 Has the country implemented the effective active labor market policies to assist job-to-job transition in line with EU common flexicurity principles? Yes The country shows performance above the EU average with respect to the active labour market policies http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10227&langId=en
2.3.4 Has the country introduced the modern social security systems’ solutions in line with EU common flexicurity principles (e.g. solutions that would ensure the possibility for temporary workers to accumulate rights and would improve portability of entitlements across firm or branch borders)? Yes The country shows performance above the EU average in terms of the modern social security systems solutions http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=10227&langId=en
“Bring the best brains back home (EU countries must launch targeted campaigns aimed at bringing their talent back home, through research grants, logistical support and public recognition).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
2.4.1 Has a national/ regional strategy to attract high-skilled labor through international student recruitment been developed? No http://www.belgium.be/en/work/coming_to_work_in_belgium/work_permit/
2.4.2 Have initiatives been undertaken at national / regional level that align with the HR Strategy for Researchers and the European Charter and Code? Yes IMEC, Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO), University of Antwerp, University of Ghent, University of Hasselt, Université Catholique de Louvain, Université de Liège, Université de Mons, Université de Namur, Université libre de Bruxelles, VIB (Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) http://ec.europa.eu/euraxess/index.cfm/rights/strategy4ResearcherOrgs
2.4.3 Has the Researchers Directive (EU Scientific Visa) been fully implemented in the country? Yes http://ec.europa.eu/euraxess/pdf/1_EN_ACT_part1_v6[1].pdf http://www.icmpd.org/fileadmin/ICMPD-Website/ICMPD_General/Policy_Brief_March_2012_Scientific_Visa.pdf

Access to Capital

“Increase private and institutional investment in startups.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.1.1 Have provisions for facilitating secure access to alternative sources of funding, such as equity crowdfunding, mezzanine instruments or minibonds (convertible notes) and etc., been set up? Yes Belgium has been on the forefront of rewards based platforms. Belgium has been on the forefront of rewards based platforms. The new Crowdfunding exemptions to public offerings may strengthen the offer of platforms that cater to the business community. There is no dedicated law to crowdfunding, but Belgium amended their prospectus rules to better fit the crowdfunding business. On 7 May 2014, the Belgian Act of 25 April 2014 (which is not limited to Crowdfunding but addressed various topics) included various provisions amending the Prospectus Act (Act of 16 June 2006 on public offer of investments instruments, amended by the Act of 17 July 2013 which came into force on 16 August 2013) was published in the Belgian Official Journal. The provisions that came into force on 17 May 2014 introduce among others a prospectus exemption making the existing provisions more flexible, and incorporate better investor protection. The amended article 18 of the Prospectus Act increased the ceiling to benefit from the exemption to issue a prospectus from EUR 100.000 to EUR 300.000. To protect investors, the exemption limits each investment to a maximum of EUR 1.000 per project, in the absence of prospectus. These two conditions are cumulative. Additionally, all documents concerning the offer must mention the total value offered as well as the maximum subscription amount per investor (the “Crowdfunding exemption”). http://eurocrowd.org/2014/12/12/ecn-review-crowdfunding-regulation-2014/
3.1.2 Have measures to promote public – private investment partnerships in order to address risk-aversion of venture capital, e.g. by creating national co-investment funds between public entities and private investors on a national level been established? Yes Public private partnership funds Ban Vlaanderen Fund (Arkimedes), Belgium BAMS Angels Fund Public-private partnership, Belgium Ark Angel Activator Fund, Ark Angels Fund, https://www.awsg.at/Content.Node/files/sonstige/Compendium-Co-Investment-Funds-2014-v1.pdf
3.1.3 Has an effective debt financing system been established by creating well-structured credit guarantees on bank loans on national level in order to enable banks to extend loans to startups that would otherwise not be able to find credit? Yes The three regions have addressed these issues by widening the scope of the funding and guarantees that they offer. The Flemish Government has a fund specifically designed to finance spin-offs from research activities. The government also provides guarantees for businesses making it easier for them to obtain lines of credit from banks. The SME wallet, a support programme managed by the Flemish authorities, finances advice and training, including updating technological knowledge. The Walloon government offers support to SMEs, including an automatic mix of bank guarantees and co-funding to support start-ups and micro-enterprises. Another scheme offers subordinated loans to SMEs to part-finance specific innovation projects.
3.1.4 Has the Late Payment Directive been implemented in the country that reduces the time to pay the invoice and hence the need for short-term financing? Yes Wetsontwerp tot wijziging van de Wet van 2 augustus 2002 betreffende de bestrijding van de betalingsachterstand bij handelstransacties/Projet de loi modifiant la Loi du 2 août 2002 concernant la lutte contre le retard de paiement dans les transactions commerciales http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2014_2019/documents/imco/dv/late_payments_directive_eprs_/late_payments_directive_eprs_en.pdf
3.1.5 Have actions to improve access to finance for startups and SMEs been undertaken? Yes Yes. Tax shelter for start-ups from 2015. Also Capricorn Venture Partners. Capricorn Venture Partners is an independent European manager of venture capital and equity funds, investing in innovative European companies with technology as competitive advantage. It is based in Leuven, Belgium and licensed by the FSMA (the Financial Services and Markets Authority in Belgium). http://www.capricorn.be/ The three regions have widened the scope of the funding and guarantees that they offer. The Flemish Government has a fund specifically designed to finance spin-offs from research activities. The government also provides guarantees for businesses making it easier for them to obtain lines of credit from banks. The SME wallet, a support programme managed by the Flemish authorities, finances advice and training, including updating technological knowledge. The Walloon government offers support to SMEs, including an automatic mix of bank guarantees and co-funding to support start-ups and micro-enterprises. Another scheme offers subordinated loans to SMEs to partfinance specific innovation projects. Source: Member States' Competitiveness Report 2014
“Make it easier for high-growth companies to raise capital through public markets.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.2.1 Has a national legislation on venture capital (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venture_capital) (in support of the EC´s new venture capital framework (http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/consultations/docs/2011/venture_capital/consultation_paper_en.pdf) been introduced that enables cross-border financing for SMEs more easily available ? No
3.2.2 Have measures to support business angels friendly environment been introduced on a national level? Yes Today (April 2014), Belgian counts 2 networks: 1 network in Flanders, 1 in Wallonia. Both networks in Belgium have secured financial support from their regional government for their day-to-day operations. This support varies from region to region due to the fact that the economic policy is a regional (not a national) competence in Belgium. The support of all regional authorities constitutes an official recognition of the contribution of Business Angels to the stimulation of the Belgian economy. In Wallonia, a guarantee scheme for Business Angel investments was created through the public financing agency in Wallonia “Sowalfin”. The Federal “Participation Fund” created a “BA+ loan” which serves as a leverage to BA-investments in the form of subordinated debt for the entrepreneurs. http://www.business-angels.de/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/BAE-Book-final.pdf
3.2.3 Have tax reliefs on seed and venture capital investments been introduced on national level? Yes The tax shelter for startups is a new fiscal instrument to encourage young Belgian entrepreneurship. Who invests in a Belgian startup can count on a significant tax on personal income. This ranges from 30 to 45 percent of the investment. http://www.startuptaxshelter.be/
3.2.4 Have tax incentives for acquiring startups / on reinvesting profit in startup businesses for investors of a national origin been implemented? Yes The tax shelter for start-ups comprises a tax reduction of 45 % for investment in new shares of a start-up (micro company) and a tax reduction of 30% for investments in new shares of an SME or start-up fund. The individual/investor must held the shares for 4 years. There is an investment threshold of 100.000 EUR or 30 % shareholding in the startup company. The start-up company may raise up to 250.000 EUR through the tax shelter regime. TAX OUTLOOK IN EUROPE. BUSINESS ANGELS PERSPECTIVE 2015 Interest received on loans granted to a start-up through crowdfunding are exempted from withholding taxes and personal income tax.
3.2.5 Has the revised Directive on transparency requirements for listed companies been implemented in the country (Transparency Directive)? Yes http://www.ejustice.just.fgov.be/cgi_loi/change_lg.pl?language=nl&la=N&table_name=wet&cn=2014032618
3.2.6 Have policies to promote easier access to stock exchange for high growth companies been adopted, such as: a single registration in the home country, and with simplified accounting and reporting (disclosure) obligations? Yes Alternext - Alternext offers a market access with fewer obligations intended primarily for small- and mid-cap companies making them available to a wide range of investors. The market is not a regulated market within the meaning of E.U. directives. And EnterNext - is the subsidiary of the Euronext Group designed to develop and promote its stock markets specifically for small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs). https://www.enternext.biz/. Both available for Belgium, NL, France, Portugal.
“Buy more from smaller businesses.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.3.1 Have the measures been implemented to promote procurement from SMEs (for example by make it easier for startups and SMEs to access government procurement market by lowering barriers to entry and lessening administrative burden of the process, or by promoting procurement from smaller companies by corporates)? Yes Several measures to facilitate SMEs' access to public procurement were implemented in the reference period. A ministerial circular encourages the federal public administration to apply public procurement clauses that facilitate SMEs' access and integrate sustainable development and social dimensions. In particular these create the possibility to: - divide calls for tender into lots and resort to variants; - establish proportionate requirements in terms of qualifications and financial capacity; - consult SMEs in negotiated procedures without advertising; - ensure verification and payment deadlines are met; and - simplify administrative requirements regarding the documents and certificates to be provided. Since 2008 there has been limited but noticeable progress in this area with the introduction of electronic portals for e-procurement and e-tendering. http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/business-friendly-environment/performance-review/files/countries-sheets/2015/belgium_en.pdf
3.3.2 Does the country make use of European Code of best practices facilitating access by SMEs to public procurement contracts? Yes http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/publicprocurement/docs/modernising_rules/smes-access-and-aggregation-of-demand_en.pdf
3.3.3 Has legislation been implemented to make sure that at least some percentage of the administration procurement goes to "innovative" solutions (so called "innovative public procurement")? Yes The Brussels Capital and Walloon region have set the objective to encourage public procurement of R&D and innovative solutions by 2014-2015. The Flanders region and its Competence Center for innovation procurement developed in 2009 an approach that encourages procurers to go through the complete path starting from political ambitions and procurement needs for innovative solutions up to the final procurement (PCP or PPI). As there was a gap on R&D procurement, a pilot scheme of 10 Mio EURO for this was started in 2010. In 2014, Ghent city set a target to dedicate 10% of its annual ICT procurement budget to innovation.,https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/news/innovation-procurement-initiatives-around-europe Pre-commercial procurement in Antwerp: https://antwerpen.digipolis.be/#/en/blog/pre-commercial-procurement
3.3.4 Is SMEs' share in the total value of public contracts awarded above EU average (29% in 2013)? Yes 37% http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/publicprocurement/docs/modernising_rules/smes-access-and-aggregation-of-demand_en.pdf
“Institute an E-Corp: a new type of cross-European corporation. ”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.4.1 Has the Council Directive Council Directive 2001/86/EC supplementing the Statute for European Company fully adopted by the country? Yes Transposed into national legislation http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=2453&langId=en
3.4.2 Has the Service Directive (Directive 2006/123/EC of 12 December 2006 on services in the internal market) been fully implemented by the country? Yes http://ec.europa.eu/growth/single-market/services/services-directive/implementation/index_en.htm
“Tax share options as capital gains, not income, to attract talent to startups (special tax regime for startups).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
3.5.1 Have national regulations been developed in support of easing up early startups regulatory burden (e.g. preferential tax scheme on share options for employees in order for startups to attract talent without big initial investment in salaries)? Yes Social security contributions, decrease: Existing reductions applying to employers’ social security contributions for the first three members of staff appointed are being extended to cover the first five members of staff. http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/european_economy/2014/pdf/ee6_en.pdf
3.5.2 Does the government have a differential tax rate for companies according to their age or the size of their profit? Yes Under certain conditions, a special scheme applies to SMEs having an assessed income lower than EUR 322 500: a tax rate of 24.98% is applied on the part from EUR 0 to EUR 25 000, 31.93% on the part of EUR 25 000 to EUR 90 000 and 35.54% on the remaining part up to EUR 322 500 (all including the 3% crisis surcharge).
3.5.3 Has the government implemented an ‘Entrepreneurs Relief’ tax break to reduce the capital gains tax on selling all or part of the business? No http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/resources/documents/taxation/gen_info/economic_analysis/tax_structures/2014/report.pdf
3.5.4 Has the government introduced any other early stage tax relief for entrepreneurs and their employees? Yes A patent income deduction for small and medium-sized enterprises was introduced for the fiscal years 2014 and 2015, in order to support investment. http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/european_economy/2014/pdf/ee6_en.pdf Starter Loan (Prêt Lancement)/ Young Self-employed plan (Plan Jeunes Indépendants) The Starter Loan is a flexible formula providing support to create a company or to set-up as a self-employed persons. If the loan recipient ceases trading within five years following the business launch for reasons outside their control (e.g. bankruptcy), the Participation Fund may release the recipient from debt. Tax shelter for start-ups

Data Policy, Protection & Privacy

“Revise and normalise data protection laws (unified data protection law in Europe).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
4.1.1 Is the country complaint with the General Data Protection Regulation GDPR (only valid after approval of the regulation)? Yes yes
4.1.2 Has the country developed programmes to encourage the reuse of data in public and private sector? No
“Remove the requirement for data providers to store information in any given country. ”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
4.2.3 Has the country developed a specific Cloud Computing Strategy? Yes Belgium is preparing its national cloud strategy under the Federal e-government strategy and develops a government cloud solution https://www.enisa.europa.eu
“Make government data public.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
4.3.1 Has the Public Sector Information Directive been fully implemented in the country? Yes The country has successfully transposed the PSI Directive (The Directive on the re-use of public sector information) into the national legislation and has encouraged the reuse of public sector information https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/implementation-public-sector-information-directive-member-states https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/implementation-psi-directive-belgium http://www.epsiplatform.eu/content/european-psi-scoreboard
4.3.2 Does the national law of the country provide for a general obligation for public sector bodies to allow re-use of Public Sector Information? No see www.epsiplatform.eu/content/european-psi-scoreboard.
4.3.3 Does legislation adopted in the country prohibit Public Sector Information holders from granting exclusive rights to re-sell or re-use data to any legal entity? No
4.3.4 Has the country taken part in the Open Government initiatives, such as Open Government Partnership (OGP), to drive best practice in knowledge sharing and promote integrity and trust in data management? No http://www.opengovpartnership.org/countries
4.3.5 Has the country improved policies and practices on Open Access to better allow access to data and re-use of data generated by scientific research? No see European Commission, European Research Area Progress Report 2014 http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/eraprogress_en.htm DRIVER. The DRIVER projects have been instrumental in developing OA awareness across the Belgian scientific community. Ghent University Library was the Belgian partner in those projects and created a Belgian repository community, DRIVER Belgium. Several technical and legal meetings were organised, the DRIVER Guidelines were distributed to repository managers and a national search interface for the driver compliant OA-repositories was set up. https://www.openaire.eu/belgium/noads/oa-belgium-358
“Make governments think digitally (unified technological platform).”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
4.4.1 Has the country built analytical tools to make use of governmental digital records and data in order to deliver insight in support of better deliverables, better policies and better decision making processes (for example use of health data to identify trends, preventive actions)? Yes http://www.bnosac.be/index.php/blog/52-open-data-in-belgium-release-of-belgiumstatistics-r-package
4.4.2 Have the country aligned national interoperability frameworks with the European Interoperability Framework? No 29% National Interoperability Framework (NIF) - European Interoperability Framework (EIF) alignment http://ec.europa.eu/isa/documents/publications/2014-report-on-state-of-play-of-interoperability.pdf
4.4.3 Has the country joined the European Cloud Partnership initiatives in order to advance towards joint procurement of cloud computing services by public bodies based on the emerging common user requirements? Yes http://www.cloudforeurope.eu/consortium

Thought Leadership

“Initiate a mentality shift across Europe in terms of how we define success - promoting entrepreneurship.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
5.1.1 Does the country conduct any PR and media campaigns at national/regional level aimed at promoting entrepreneurship (e.g. by appointing a role model, an entrepreneur in residence” to promote entrepreneurial culture etc.)? Yes https://www.vdab.be/werkinzicht/zelfstandige.shtml
5.1.2 Does the country actively promote women entrepreneurship through specifically targeted mentoring and networking programmes? Yes The country participates in the European network of female entrepreneurship ambassadors http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/promoting-entrepreneurship/we-work-for/women/support-networks/index_en.htm
5.1.3 Have the legislative measures been introduced to improve policies allowing second chance for entrepreneurs? No On the policy side, no new measures were adopted or announced in 2014 and the first quarter of 2015. Since 2008 limited progress has been achieved in this area thanks to a number of measures at both federal and regional level. These include support for honest entrepreneurs facing bankruptcy as well as restarters. An example is the information campaign by the Brussels centre for businesses in difficulty (Centre des Enterprises en ‘Difficulté’), which proactively approaches SMEs rather than waiting for them to ask for help. http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/business-friendly-environment/performance-review/files/countries-sheets/2015/belgium_en.pdf
5.1.4 Does the government support the mentorship programmes for startups either through funding, introductions, provision of space, supplying mentors or creation of networks? Yes http://www.betacowork.com/ http://younginnovator.eu/
“Appoint a Chief Digital Officer for every country in the EU. ”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
5.2.1 Has a Digital Champion been appointed in the country? Yes Saskia Van Uffelen http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/digital-champion-belgium
5.2.2 Is the Digital Champion or an equivalent figure (“Chef Digital Officer”) empowered with the practical means to execute Startup Manifesto on a national level (budget, recognition, political support)? Yes Federal minister of the digital agenda, Alexander De Croo, supported by Digital Minds for Belgium
“Create a 'best practices' repository.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
5.3.1 Has the country taken steps to promote and showcase the best practices (for example, by creating a resource to share best practices´ in promoting digital entrepreneurship or actively promoting best practices on a national / regional level)? Yes http://www.digitalbelgium.be/
“Establish a Digital European Forum.”
Number Indicator Completed Evidence
5.4.1 Has an association that actively promotes recommendations of the European Startup Manifesto at the national level been launched in the country? Yes Startups.be, the largest association of tech entrepreneurs in Belgium, coordinates this work on the national Digial Minds for Belgium level http://www.alexanderdecroo.be/alexander-de-croo-lanceert-digital-minds-belgium/
5.4.2 Does the country have actively engaged entrepreneurs, policy makers and officials in European Digital Forum? Yes Xavier Damman, co-founder of Storify, and Robin Wauters, founding editor of tech.eu, serve on the Advisory Board of the European Digital Forum. The European Digital Forum collaborates with the authors of the Belgian Startup Manifesto and startups.be association, specifically Karem Boers.

Latest Updates

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In Action 4.2 in Spain Remove the requirement for data providers to store information in any given country.
Updated on 2016-03-16 23:57:17 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 4.1 in Latvia Revise and normalise data protection laws (unified data protection law in Europe).
Updated on 2016-03-16 11:23:59 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 4.4 in Latvia Make governments think digitally (unified technological platform).
Updated on 2016-03-16 11:23:59 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 4.3 in Austria Make government data public.
Updated on 2016-03-16 10:58:39 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 1.1 in Austria Make teachers digitally confident and competent to rise to the challenge.
Updated on 2016-03-16 10:51:00 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 1.5 in Cyprus Encourage large companies to provide training for the general public (for management, leadership and communication skills).
Updated on 2016-03-16 10:47:06 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 3.1 in Belgium Increase private and institutional investment in startups.
Updated on 2016-02-26 16:29:13 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 3.5 in Spain Tax share options as capital gains, not income, to attract talent to startups (special tax regime for startups).
Updated on 2016-02-22 15:41:03 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 3.3 in France Buy more from smaller businesses.
Updated on 2016-02-22 13:38:21 by Kasia Jakimowicz
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In Action 2.3 in Latvia Make it easier for smaller companies to let employees go (special flexibility in human resources management for small companies).
Updated on 2016-02-22 13:33:43 by Kasia Jakimowicz